The make up of Eskoms electricity supply to South Africa
Coal Power – 34,952MW
Eskom has 13 coal-fired power stations which produce the majority of the country’s power –34,952MW.
South Africa has access to cheap coal, but burning coal produces sulphur and nitrogen oxides, radioactive elements, and a lot of ash. This cheap coal is offset by polluting the environment.
Liquid Fuel Power – 2,409MW
Eskom has four liquid fuel turbine stations which produce 2,409MW of power.
Diesel is the primary fuel used.
Nuclear Power – 1,830MW
Koeberg is Eskom’s sole nuclear plant, and produces 1,830MW of power at full capacity.
radioactive waste from Koeberg is stored at Vaal Pits
in the Northern Cape. In June 1997 it was revealed that some uncovered containers had rusted and were leaking radioactivity. The National Nuclear Regulator (NNR) temporarily suspended operations, until the licensing conditions were met by the operators. Water disposal and constructing and maintaining a nuclear plant is also expensive.
Pumped Storage – 1,400MW
Eskom operates two pumped-storage stations which produce 1,400MW of power.
The pumped-storage stations produce electricity in a similar way to hydro stations, using moving water to turn a turbine.
How they differ is that the turbine can be used as a pump to push water to an upper reservoir, which is then released and used to generate power in times of demand.
Hydro Power – 600MW
Eskom has 6 hydro-electric stations in SA, which produce a total of 600MW.
While water is a renewable source of energy, Eskom said SA’s lack of suitable rivers and the impact of the construction of dams are barriers for the building of hydro plants.
Wind Power – 3MW
Eskom has one wind energy station – the Klipheuwel wind farm – which produces 3MW of power.
Wind energy is renewable, clean, and does not produce harmful emissions. Constant wind is not guaranteed, though, and wind generators are expensive to build.
Power plants in the works
Eskom said that besides running the existing 27 stations, it was in the process of building five new power stations in SA.
These stations would add over 11,000MW to the grid.
Medupi: coal-fired power station –
Kusile: coal-fired power station – 4,800MW
Ingula: pumped-storage scheme –
Sere: wind power facility – 100MW
Concentrating Solar Power project –
There are also biomass, wave, and nuclear projects in the planning phase which are being driven by the Department of Energy, said Eskom.
Meanwhile in India, the facility in Kamuthi, Tamil Nadu, has a capacity of 648 megawatts and covers an area of 10 kilometres squares.
This makes it the largest solar power plant at a single location, taking the title from the Topaz Solar Farm in California, which has a capacity of 550 MW.
The solar plant, built in an impressive 8 months, is cleaned every day by a robotic system, itself charged by its own solar panels.
At full capacity it is estimated to produce enough electricity to power approximately 150,000 homes.
The project is comprised of 2.5 million individual solar modules, and cost approximately 679M USD to build.
The new plant has helped nudge India’s total installed solar capacity across the 10 GW mark, according to a statement by research firm ‘Bridge to India’, joining only a handful of countries which can make this claim.
As solar power increases, India is expected to become the world’s third biggest solar market from next year onwards, after China and the US.
Despite the fast-growing solar power industry, India will still need to increase its take-up of solar panels if it is to achieve the ambitious targets set by the government.
By 2022, India aims to power 60 million homes by the sun. It is part of the Indian government’s ambitious targets to produce 40 percent of its power by non-fossil fuels using 2030.
This aim has been praised by environment groups and is hoped will also help reduce the country’s problem with air quality. At the beginning of this month, the pollution in New Delhi reached its worst levels in 17 years.
On Tuesday evening 15 November Tony Budden from www.hemporium.co.za hosted a screening of the documentary called Bringing it Home.
Some interesting facts were gleened from this free educational (#feesmustfall) screening. For those that dont know, Hemp or industrial hemp and marijuana are plants from the same cannabis family like cousins with different charateristics.
Lets start with the infamous cousin, marijuana which contains a high, excuse the pun, level of Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC which is the principle psychoactive constituent. Industrial hemp on the other hand has more Cannabidiol or CBD which has a wide range of medical applications. Other uses of industrial hemp include, building materials, wall plaster, rope, clothing, rope, paper and the list goes on. The seeds are also a great source of protein. All this from a weed that grows virtually anywhere in the world. Check out Tony’s shop in Westlake.
Currently the major produces of industrial hemp are China, Great Britain and Canada. South Africa arguably has the most ideal conditions for growing this plant but old laws still prevail. Although just recently there has been a shift in thinking. Medical cannabis with a prescription is on the cards as early as April 2017 which is a step on the right direction.
Get involved in the discussion with Aimee and Tony at www.gatheronline.com/9dwk3nnz
Check out Aimee and Tony
At the book launch of An Empty Plate by Dr Tracy Ledger in the Phillipi Horticultural area in Cape Town I got to hear about the current state of affairs with regard to the state of health of the most vulnerble in South Africa where it comes to nutrition and how industry is more focussed on the bottom line. The figures quoted for malnutrtion and mortality rates due to the lack of access to good nutrition is staggering and unacceptable. Dr Tracy highlights that children are the most affected by this problem in our society. This lack of nutrition or bad nutrition in children affects their cognitive abilities and their learning process and eventually leads to obesity and diabetes later in life.
This form of structural violence against the most vulnerable in our society is unacceptable and needs to be curbed and eradicated. YOU need to get more involved and do something about it.
You can purchase a copy of the book from Nazeer Sonday who is involved with the PHA campaign a water rights issue in Cape Town.
EDUCATE YOURSELF and then educate those around you.
I recently attended a talk by Dr Janey Little www.drjanet.com and facilitated by Aimee Eveleigh from https://www.2oceansviberadio.com about the misconceptions of cancer, the main stream methods used to ‘cure’ it and the so called ‘alternative’ natural methods available. The group was small enough for everyone to contribute their knowledge and experience and I am glad they did. It Is absolutely amazing what can happen when people get together to co create and elevate the zeitgeist.
Dr Janey has a book for sale so check out her website and educate yourself about nutrition, preventing, fighting and beating cancer and how industry and our economy puts money above people.
AMANDLA AWETHU. Power to the people. We need to educate ourselves so that we can exit this ‘matrix’ and enter a new society.
Check out Dr Janey Little’s website and download the first chapter for free.
EDUCATE YOURSELF THEN EDUCATE THOSE AROUND YOU.
TROM is a project that aims to showcase in detail the root causes of most of today’s problems and proposes realistic solutions to solve those problems.
The question recently asked by someone that is following the international site and has been visiting our site in SA. Well Hayden the challenge is to start a chapter in your area educate yourself and those around you about matters concerning sustainability and spread the word about a resource based economy as an alternative to the monetary system. Please share your successes, we here in South Africa need your guidance and motivation
Do you know what a ‘trompe’ is? check out how to make compressed gas without using electricity.
In order to bring about effective change, we need a collective onslaught against old paradigms, ritualistic and religious beliefs that have been used to manipulate and enslave humankind with a disregard to other creatures and our environment. I educate myself and others while doing something practical to change the world. My lecture theatre is my lounge and sometimes my vegetable garden. I mostly educate myself but from time to time people cross my path and I have the opportunity to plant a seed so to speak. Sometimes I get to water it but mostly I hope that it will germinate and sprout a revolution.
Starting my revolution from the ground up. Actually from below the ground if you take into account that Im making my own compost. I reused old coffee tins to collect all vegetable scraps and fruit peels and I collect grass clippings from neighbours. After a few weeks I have a heap of compost aka black gold aka ‘gun powder’ with which to arm my revolution.
Every week a group of volunteers get together after spending the week getting donations of clothes and ingredients for a soup kitchen organised by Ephemera.org.za for Phumlani informal settlement in Lotus River Cape Town
Whenever TZMSA Cape Town has an event, we encourage attendees to bring along a donation for Ephemera’s Food share project. We create a master blend of veggie soup thats nutritious and wholesome. For R350 we make 70L of soup and serve approxiately 500g portions of soup plus 2 slices of bread to 100 people which amounts to R3,50 per portion and that includes the gas used for fuel
Next phase in our war strategy is to start vegetable gardens wherever there’s a piece of unused ground in Phumlani.